Note carefully that there are differences between drawings and other graphics:

  • DrawingsDrawings - formally prepared work complete with a border and title block that are separate from the written material.
  • Other graphics - tables and figures such as sketches, diagrams, schematics, photos and other illustrations to supplement the written material.

If your sponsor does not request drawings, they may not be necessary; you may be able to convey the needed information with other graphics throughout your report. Guidelines for both categories of graphics are presented below.


Use of colour

In general, drawings are reproduced in black & white and must be legible and understandable in black & white. In fact, MoTI guidelines state that “it is unacceptable for lines to be plotted in colour” and for good reason. When printed in grayscale, lighter colours are rendered as gray and distinguishing between new work (dark lines) and screened lines (existing works) becomes difficult. In addition, some colours may be printed such a light gray they are illegible.

However, there are some cases where the use of colour on drawings is appropriate. One example is an aerial photograph used as a background for a general arrangement or project layout plan.

For other graphics, colour may be used as you see fit.


Normally undertaken at the request of your sponsor, drawings are necessary to show to-scale information and details that document your work. Drawings must be introduced and discussed in the body of the report but are presented in an appendix. Bind reduced-size (11" x 17") copies of all drawings you produce yourself in a single appendix with each sheet folded so that the title block is visible; do the same in a separate appendix with any drawings provided by your sponsor for reference. Provide an index or list of drawings in each of these appendices.

Your faculty advisor may also request full-size prints and/or electronic (*.dwg) copies of the drawings you produce. Submit full-size prints individually folded so that the title block is visible and placed in sleeves bound into your report. Submit electronic files to the appropriate D2L Dropbox.

If your drawing set consists of more than 10 drawings, you may bind them separately and roll them if full-size.

Don’t forget your sponsor! You will be sending your sponsor an electronic (*.pdf) version of your completed Client Report; provide *.dwg files and/or hard copies if your sponsor requests them.

Before you begin your drawings, consider the following:

  1. Attempt to produce as few drawings as possible. You will quickly learn that each drawing will rapidly eat into your scheduled time and you will end up cutting back on other, perhaps more important, elements of your project.
  2. Be sure the drawings you produce are of a high quality - you will be judged on the appearance of each drawing as well as its content.
  3. Clearly identify on each drawing which work is your own and what has been provided to you by others (excluding the title block).
  4. Your sponsor should tell you whose drawing standards to follow, what title block to use, and provide clear direction on which drawing scales to use.
  5. Lay out your drawings for plotting on standard full-size paper (A1, ANSI D, Arch D, etc.) as indicated by your sponsor. To produce a reduced-size drawing to include in your printed report, generate a full-size pdf file and print it on smaller paper using the “scale-to-fit” option when printing.

Other graphics

Include other graphics (figures, tables, charts) in the body of your report. If they are repetitive, such as a set of boreholes, put them in an appendix, though you could include one as an example in the body of the report. Wherever you choose to place these graphics, they must be introduced and discussed in your report.